Density of Population. Kerala Population 2020 – 37.96128 Million. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Christians, who account for nearly one-fifth of the population, belong broadly to the Syrian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches as well as to various Protestant denominations. The first state to receive rainfall in India. Kerala being an agricultural state with an agrarian economy, a good percent of its population is confined to agriculture or other agro base industry. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. 19 percent of the total population. Also notable is the high social status that continues to be accorded to women of Kerala, owing to the former strength of a matrilineal kinship system. just 254 persons per sq.km is the least densely populated district followed by Wayanad with a density of 383 persons. Most Malayalis are descendants of the early inhabitants of India, the so-called Dravidians (speakers of Dravidian languages), who were driven southward between about 2000 and 1500 bce when the Aryans (speakers of Indo-Aryan languages) descended into the Indian subcontinent. In 2010, approximately 2.5% of the country’s population was Christian, including members of Scheduled Castes (historically referred to as Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes identify as Hindu when completing official forms. Kerala is an State of India with population of Approximate 3.34 Crores. Commercial poultry farming is well developed. These cottage industries employ almost 3/5th of Kerala's industrial workers Census Data: According to the census report of 2001, Kerala's total population was about 32 million. Idukki with a density of Thereafter censuses were taken in Travancore State in 1836 and Cochin State in 1854. Dam on the Periyar River, Idukki, Kerala, India. Updates? That is zero growth. Also, a small number of Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews and other religious communities are also present. Kerala is one of the most densely populated states in India. Kerala Population 2019 –37.6344 Million. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population; with a density of 859 persons per km 2, its land is nearly three times as densely settled as the national average of 370 persons per km 2. Precipitation averages about 115 inches (3,000 mm) annually statewide, with some slopes receiving more than 200 inches (5,000 mm). In 1980, Kerala's 60+ population overtook the national average and by 2001, it had risen to 10.5% against a national average of 7.5%. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. As of 2011 [update] , Thiruvananthapuram is the most populous city in Kerala. followed by Idukki and Kasargod. Commercial plantings on less than half of the total land under cultivation earn a sizable amount of foreign exchange but have necessitated the importation of food for local consumption. The state has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is the largest. About one-fourth of the population practices Islam, with the Moplah (Mapilla) people of the Malabar Coast constituting the state’s largest Muslim community. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. 1961. Present Population of Kerala is estimated to be 35.1 million. The forests yield valuable timbers such as ebony, rosewood, and teak. The climate of Kerala is equable and varies little from season to season. Total population of Kerala as per 2011 census is 33,406,061 of which male and female are 16,027,412 and 17,378,649 respectively. Therefore, on average, the population each year increases by 0.32688 Million. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the east… Agriculture is the state’s main economic activity. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. However, Kerala's population growth rateis far lower than the national average, although Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991 — the population stood at 31.8 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Population of Kerala - Located in South-western part of India, Kerala is the leading state of India in terms of social development. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The revised definition of urban agglomerations in Kerala led to results for 2011 that are not comparable with previous census results and … In the 2011 census, the population density of Kerala is 860 persons/sq km up from 819 in 2001, next only to Bihar (1106 up from 881) and West Bengal (1028 up from 903). The Malayalis are a group of people of mixed ethnic heritage who speak Malayalam, a Dravidian language; they constitute the majority of the population of Kerala. Mammals include sambar deer, gaurs (wild cattle), Nilgiri tahrs (wild goatlike animals; Hemitragus hylocrius, or, by some classifications, Nilgiritragus hylocrius), elephants, leopards, tigers, bonnet monkeys, rare lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus), and Hanuman and Nilgiri langurs (Semnopithecus entellus and Trachypithecus johnii, respectively). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Also living in Kerala is a significant minority of Tamils, a neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity. (estimated). The population of children between age 0-6 is 574041 which is 13.96% of total population. Omissions? Although isolated from the Indian interior by the mountainous belt of the Western Ghats, Kerala has been exposed to many foreign influences via its long coastline; consequently, the state has developed a unique culture within the subcontinent, not only with a diverse religious tradition but also with its own language, Malayalam. The state is also a national leader in fish production. Pop. Since 1980, Kerala has overtaken the rest of India and in 2001 the proportion of the old age population rose to 10.5% as against the all India average of 7.5%. The state’s total child population in 2011 was 3,472,955 compared to 3,793,146 in 2001. As per details from Census 2011, Kerala has population of 3.34 Crores, an increase from figure of 3.18 Crore in 2001 census. [321] By 2011, 12.6% of Kerala’s population is past 60 years, compared to the all India average of 8.6%. Kerala’s principal cash crops are rubber, coffee, and tea, which are cultivated in plantations on the slopes of the foothills, as well as areca nut, cardamom, cashew nut, coconut, ginger, and pepper. It has a population of approximately 32 million and is one of India’s most densely populated states but it has one of the country’s lowest birth rates. It is the 13th most populous state in India with an overall population density of 2,200 people per square mile or 860 per square kilometer. A second factor would be migration from Kerala to other states in India and to other countries outside India. Between 2001-2011, Hindu population of the state grew by 2.23%, the Christian population grew by 1.38%, while the Muslim population exploded by 13% approx. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While density of population in Tamil Nadu is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308, and that of India is 382. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. Sardines, tunas, mackerels, and prawns are among the principal products of the industry. Below replacement fertility is one of them. Several factors could be cited for the decline in population of some of the communities in Kerala. The first census of this State of Kerala was taken in Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. Kerala’s density of population as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq. Prior to independence, Kerala formed part of, the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin and of Madras Presidency. The sex-ratio of Malappuram district is around 1098 compared to 1084 which is average of Kerala state. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. More than half of Kerala’s residents, including most of the Malayalis, follow Hinduism. Indeed, in parts of the state there are densely populated rural equivalents of urban megalopolises. Kerala is among the preferred destinations for nature loving tourists from across the world. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). Whereas, Thiruvananthapuram with a population density of 1509 persons per sq.km is the most densely populated district in Kerala followed by Alappuzha with 1501 people per sq.km and Kozhikode with 1318 persons per sq.km. The current population of Kerala is 33 million. Increasing population and limited participation in higher education are mainly blamed for backwardness of Muslims, but a new report questions this argument, saying the community's population in Kerala rose by 15 lakh between 2001-2011 despite being economically better and literate. Kerala also has tiny Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jewish communities; there is an ancient synagogue in Kochi. The average density of population of the state is 819 persons per sq.km. The population of Kerala in 2020 as per expected figures is 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million = 37.96128 Million. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Kerala - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million. This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. Putting all this together, if the Muslim population becomes 25 million by 2050, then the share of Muslims will cross 50%. Malappuram is the most populated district and has a population of 41,10,956 people. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Kerala is full of coconut trees. The last census was taken in 2011. While only about one-fourth of the population was reported as urban in the early 21st century, such statistics are deceptive because of the close proximity of rural houses, especially in the coastal plain. Regardless of their sect, these indigenous Christians share a common set of early Christian traditions unique to the Malabar Coast. km. It is bordered by the states of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and by the Arabian Sea to the south and west; it also surrounds Mahe, a segment of the state of Puducherry, on the northwestern coast. Govt: Begin surveillance of human population Thousands of birds have died in Kerala (mostly poultry), Himachal Pradesh (mostly migratory birds), and … God's own country as it is famously known, Kerala gets the … Area 15,005 square miles (38,863 square km). The national average is 382 up from 324 ten years ago. This is followed byMuslims who form 24.7 per cent of the population and Christians who constitute Besides, the Malayalee citizens in Malaysia is estimated to be 348,000 in year 2020 whereas the population of the Malayalee expatriates is approximately 2,000. Kerala is a region of great natural beauty. As per 2011 Provisional Population Figures, Rural Population in Kerala is 17,455,506. Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. Among the more important rivers that flow to the Arabian Sea are the Ponnani (Bharatapuzha), Periyar, Chalakudi, and Pamba. Throughout the year, daily temperatures usually rise from the low 70s F (low 20s C) into the 80s F (27 to 32 °C). To conclude it, the population of Kerala in the year 2020 as per estimates = 37.96128 Million. King cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) are among the notable reptiles, while peacocks and hornbills are common birds. The first modern census of Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1875. Kerala is a state in the south-west of India. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The state is directly exposed to the southwest monsoon, which prevails from July through September, but it also receives rain from the reverse (northeast) monsoon, which blows in October and November. Along the coast, a linked chain of lagoons and backwaters form the so-called Venice of India. Thereafter, census was taken every 10 years. Elements of Indo-Aryan ancestry remain strongest among the Nambudiri, a prominent caste of orthodox Hindus. Thus one out of every 30 fishing households in the state is that of a fisherman. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.. The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. Kerala is the state of India or probably the … Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The child population (0-6 years) in Kerala, too, witnessed a negative trend in 2001-11 at -8.44%. (2011) 33,387,677. They are referred to collectively as St. Thomas (Mar Thoma) Christians in allusion to the tradition that St. Thomas the Apostle first evangelized the region. The literacy rate of Malappuram district is 80.51% out of which 81.49% … Kerala population in 2020 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of … Descending from the rocky highlands westward toward the coastal plain is a stretch of farmlands, with different crops cultivated at different elevations. (estimated). Professor of South Asian Geography, University of Missouri, Columbia. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Kerala: Total Geographical Area (in Hectares) 17471135: Total Households: 8408054: Total Village Population: 9063081 : Total Village Male Population: 4149641 : Total Village Female Population… But there are grounds to believe that frequent Over the millennia, there has been much exchange between the two groups. Hence, the population of Kerala in the year 2019 is as per estimates is 37.312 Million + 0.3224 Million = 37.6344 Million. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. In the 0-6 year age group, Kerala counted 36.74% of the children as Muslim in the 2011 census. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala from 1901 to 2011. The city of Chennai has the highest population of Malayalis in a metropolitan area outside Kerala, followed by Bangalore. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). From 1881 onwards the constitutional units of Kerala State had census taken at 10 year intervals with the rest of the country. 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. District wise … Kerala stretches for about 360 miles (580 km) along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles (30 to 120 km). The major urban centres and industrial complexes include Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kollam (Quilon), Alappuzha (Alleppey), Thrissur (Trichur), and Thalassery (Tellicherry). The major food crops are rice, pulses (e.g., peas and beans), sorghum, and tapioca. Thiruvananthapuram is the most densely populated district (1,508) while, Idukki is the least densely populated district (255). Rolling grasslands are typical of the upland region. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? attempts were made by the earlier rulers of the State to collect statistics of the population and the resources of the country. Its Government has taken a very different approach in managing population growth. In addition, Kerala’s woodlands supply industrial raw materials such as bamboo (used in the paper and rayon industries), wood pulp, charcoal, gums, and resins. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Kerala, 47.7% people lived in urban regionswhile 52.3% in rural areas. The earliest authentic account of census in this part of India is available from the "Geographical and Statistical Memoir of A Land of Coconut Trees. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. The fishing population of Kerala as a whole is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Out of this, 7,617,584 are males and 8,314,587 are females. About 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, a small state, constituting only about 1 percent the... 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